Product: Animal Glue

Product Category: Adhesives & Sealants

Sub-Category of: Natural Adhesives

Animal Glue Other Industrial Supply Categories are:

  • Synthetic Adhesives & Sealants
  • Hot Melt Adhesives
  • Epoxy Adhesives
  • Silicone Adhesives
  • Cyanoacrylate Adhesives (Super Glue)
  • Polyurethane Adhesives


Animal glue, being one of the oldest forms of adhesives known, finds its applications in various traditional and specialized areas, including:

  1. Woodworking and Furniture Restoration: Animal glue is favored for its reversibility, making it ideal for antique furniture restoration and fine woodworking where future disassembly without damage is desired.

  2. Bookbinding: Used in bookbinding due to its flexibility, long-term durability, and compatibility with paper and leather.

  3. Musical Instruments: Applied in the construction and repair of musical instruments, particularly string instruments like violins and guitars, for its strong bond and ease of application and removal.

  4. Art Conservation and Restoration: Employed in art conservation for adhering canvas to panels and in the restoration of paintings and historic artifacts.

  5. Marquetry and Veneering: Utilized in marquetry and veneering processes in fine furniture making, offering a slow setting time that allows for precise adjustment.

  6. Packaging: In specific traditional packaging applications, animal glue is used for its bonding properties and natural composition.

Despite its decline in mainstream use due to the advent of synthetic adhesives, animal glue still holds a niche market where its unique properties, such as reversibility, natural composition, and historical significance in art and furniture restoration, are highly valued.

Latest Developments in Animal Glue

While animal glue is one of the oldest adhesives used by humans, there have been several developments aimed at enhancing its application and environmental impact. Some of these developments include:

  1. Improved Formulations: Modern formulations of animal glue may include additives to improve its moisture resistance, increase its bonding strength, and reduce its brittleness at lower temperatures.

  2. Eco-Friendly Production: Advances in the sustainable sourcing of raw materials and more efficient production processes have made animal glue a more environmentally friendly option compared to some synthetic adhesives.

  3. Packaging Innovations: New packaging solutions have been developed to extend the shelf life of animal glue and make it easier to use, such as pre-measured packets that dissolve in water.

Advantages of Animal Glue

  • Reversibility: One of the primary advantages of animal glue is its reversibility, which is particularly valued in applications like antique restoration and bookbinding, where repairs may need to be undone without damaging the original materials.
  • Natural Composition: Being derived from natural sources, animal glue is non-toxic and biodegradable, making it an environmentally friendly option.
  • Historical Authenticity: For restoration and conservation work, using animal glue provides historical authenticity to the methods and materials used.

Disadvantages of Animal Glue

  • Limited Moisture Resistance: Animal glue is not waterproof and can weaken in high-humidity environments, limiting its use in applications exposed to moisture.
  • Longer Setting Times: Compared to many synthetic adhesives, animal glue typically has a longer setting time, which can slow down production processes.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: The adhesive properties of animal glue can be adversely affected by temperature fluctuations, with cold temperatures making it brittle and heat potentially causing it to soften or melt.

Possibilities for the Future

  • Innovative Applications: There's potential for rediscovering and promoting the use of animal glue in niche markets and applications where its unique properties are particularly advantageous, such as in eco-friendly products or historically accurate restorations.
  • Combination with Modern Materials: Animal glue could be combined with modern materials to create composite adhesives that offer both the environmental benefits of natural glue and the enhanced performance characteristics of synthetic adhesives.
  • Cultural and Artistic Revival: As there is a growing interest in traditional craftsmanship and sustainable materials, animal glue may see a resurgence in arts and crafts, musical instrument making, and other artisanal applications.

Despite the dominance of synthetic adhesives in the market, the unique properties and environmental benefits of animal glue continue to make it relevant in specific applications. Ongoing research and development may further expand its uses and address some of its current limitations.

Industrial suppliers of animal glue can explore and capitalize on several opportunities, thanks to the unique properties of animal glue and its appeal in niche markets. Some key opportunities include:

  1. Specialized Markets: Target specialized markets such as antique restoration, high-end musical instrument manufacturing, and bookbinding. These markets value the traditional and reversible properties of animal glue.

  2. Sustainability Initiatives: Leverage the natural and biodegradable aspects of animal glue to appeal to industries focusing on sustainable and eco-friendly manufacturing practices. Positioning animal glue as an environmentally friendly alternative can capture the attention of companies looking to reduce their environmental impact.

  3. Custom Formulations: Offer custom formulations of animal glue that cater to specific applications or that improve upon traditional limitations, such as enhanced moisture resistance or longer shelf life.

  4. Educational Outreach: Educate potential users about the benefits and proper application techniques of animal glue through workshops, seminars, and online content. Demonstrating its effective use and advantages can help revive interest and expand its application scope.

  5. Online Sales and Marketing: Utilize online platforms to reach a wider audience. The niche appeal of animal glue, combined with targeted digital marketing strategies, can attract customers from various sectors globally.

Opportunities for Manufacturers of Animal Glue

Manufacturers of animal glue have the potential to innovate and expand in a market that values traditional and sustainable adhesives. Key opportunities include:

  1. Innovation in Production and Formulation: Invest in R&D to develop new formulations that address the traditional disadvantages of animal glue, such as sensitivity to moisture and temperature. Innovations that extend the usable life of the product can also appeal to a broader market.

  2. Partnerships with Artisan and Craftsmen Communities: Form partnerships with artisans, craftsmen, and restorers to become their preferred supplier. These communities value the quality and authenticity that animal glue provides and can be influential advocates for its use.

  3. Export Opportunities: Explore export opportunities, particularly in countries or regions with strong traditions in woodworking, bookbinding, and musical instrument manufacturing. Different markets may have varying levels of familiarity and demand for animal glue.

  4. Sustainability Certification: Pursue sustainability certifications to highlight the eco-friendly attributes of animal glue. Certifications can enhance brand reputation and appeal to environmentally conscious consumers and companies.

  5. Diversification into Related Products: Diversify the product line to include related products such as tools for applying animal glue, premixed formulations for convenience, or specialty glues for specific applications. Offering a range of related products can make a manufacturer a one-stop-shop for customers’ adhesive needs.

By leveraging these opportunities, industrial suppliers and manufacturers of animal glue can carve out a sustainable and profitable niche, catering to markets that value the unique properties and environmental benefits of animal glue.

Manufacturing animal glue is a process that dates back centuries, but modern manufacturing practices have refined and standardized the production to meet contemporary quality standards and efficiency. Here’s an overview of the investments and typical systems required for setting up a manufacturing operation for animal glue.

Initial Capital Investments

  1. Raw Material Processing Equipment:

    • Rendering Equipment: To process animal by-products (such as hides, bones, and connective tissues), rendering tanks or vessels are needed to extract the collagen.
    • Crushers and Grinders: To break down the raw materials into smaller pieces for more efficient processing.
  2. Extraction and Cooking Systems:

    • Cookers: Large, industrial cookers are required to heat the raw materials and water mixture to extract the glue. This process requires precise temperature control.
    • Evaporators: Concentrate the glue solution by removing excess water.
  3. Purification and Filtration Equipment:

    • Filters: To remove impurities and particulates from the glue solution, ensuring a clear product.
    • Centrifuges: May be used for further purification and separation of the glue from unwanted residues.
  4. Drying Systems:

    • Drying Trays or Tunnels: For spreading the liquid glue and drying it into a solid form, which can then be cut or broken into granules, flakes, or sheets.
    • Dehumidifiers: To control humidity and improve drying efficiency.
  5. Milling and Grinding Equipment:

    • Mills or Grinders: To process the dried glue into a fine powder, if required, depending on the product specifications.
  6. Packaging Machinery:

    • Packaging Lines: For packing the glue in various formats, such as bags for powder or granules, or boxes for sheets and flakes.

Operational Investments

  1. Raw Materials:

    • The primary investment in raw materials involves sourcing high-quality animal by-products, which can vary significantly in cost based on availability and market demand.
  2. Utilities:

    • Significant energy consumption for cooking, drying, and evaporating processes.
    • Water for processing and cleaning.
  3. Labor:

    • Skilled labor is required for operating the machinery, managing the production process, and maintaining quality control.
  4. Quality Control Laboratory:

    • Investment in a laboratory setup for ongoing quality testing of the glue to ensure it meets the required standards.
  5. Maintenance and Repairs:

    • Regular maintenance is necessary to keep equipment in optimal condition and minimize downtime.
  6. Safety and Environmental Compliance:

    • Ensuring compliance with local environmental regulations, particularly concerning waste management and emissions from the processing of animal by-products.
    • Safety equipment and protocols to protect workers from potential hazards associated with handling animal by-products and operating heavy machinery.


Setting up an animal glue manufacturing operation involves considerable investment in specialized equipment and systems designed for the processing of animal by-products. Operational costs related to raw materials, energy, labor, and compliance with safety and environmental standards also play a significant role in the overall investment required. Despite these costs, the unique properties and applications of animal glue can offer manufacturers a niche market with dedicated demand, especially in fields where the natural and traditional aspects of animal glue are particularly valued.

Exploring commercial opportunities for animal glue requires a nuanced understanding of its market, which is characterized by niche applications and a customer base that values the unique properties of natural adhesives. The ideal sales and marketing approach depends on the target sectors, geographical coverage, and the resources available to your company. Here's a look at various approaches:

Manufacturers' Reps

  • Pros: Have established relationships in specific industries that can open doors quickly. Their expertise and existing networks can be invaluable in industries like bookbinding, woodworking, and musical instrument manufacturing, where animal glue is still preferred for its traditional benefits.
  • Cons: May represent multiple product lines, potentially diluting their focus on your product.
  • Ideal For: Reaching specialized markets where the reps already have strong relationships and can effectively communicate the benefits of animal glue.

Commission Only/Freelance

  • Pros: Flexibility and low upfront costs. This approach can quickly expand your sales force without significant investment.
  • Cons: May lack the product knowledge or commitment to effectively sell animal glue, especially in markets that require a consultative sales approach.
  • Ideal For: Companies looking to expand into new markets or test the waters in areas where the demand for animal glue is uncertain.


  • Pros: Distributors can offer extensive market coverage and handle many logistical aspects of sales, including stocking, shipping, and local marketing efforts. They're well-suited for markets where animal glue is a complementary product rather than the primary focus.
  • Cons: Lower margins due to distributor markups and potentially less control over the end customer relationship.
  • Ideal For: Expanding geographic reach, especially internationally, where local knowledge and logistics support are crucial.

Direct Sales

  • Pros: Maintains control over the sales process, allows for direct relationship building with customers, and ensures that the unique value proposition of animal glue is communicated effectively. It also provides the highest margins.
  • Cons: Requires a larger investment in sales staff and infrastructure. It can be challenging to scale up quickly.
  • Ideal For: Targeting high-value customers or industries where the technical aspects and applications of animal glue need to be closely discussed and tailored to the client's needs, such as in high-end restorations or bespoke musical instrument manufacturing.

The Ideal Sales and Marketing Approach

For animal glue, a mixed approach often works best, tailored to the strengths of each channel for different segments of the market:

  • Use manufacturers' reps and distributors to leverage existing relationships and logistical capabilities in established markets.
  • Employ direct sales efforts to engage key accounts and sectors where the unique advantages of animal glue can be directly communicated and where custom solutions are often required.
  • Explore commission-only/freelance avenues to test new markets with lower risk.
  • Request support to determine the best sales and marketing approach, here >>>

Supporting Strategies

  • Education and Training: Given the traditional nature of animal glue, offering education and training about its advantages and applications can support sales efforts.
  • Digital Marketing: An online presence, including educational content, can raise awareness and generate leads across all target markets.
  • Partnerships: Collaborating with trade schools, artisan communities, and restoration professionals can promote the use of animal glue in traditional crafts and conservation, creating a loyal customer base.

Tailoring the approach to the specific needs and preferences of the target market, while leveraging the natural and traditional appeal of animal glue, can maximize commercial opportunities.

asked questions and their answers on Animal Glue

Frequently Asked Questions on Animal Glue

What is animal glue?

  • Answer: Animal glue is a natural adhesive made by boiling animal connective tissues, such as skin, bones, and tendons, to extract collagen, which is then dried and processed into a solid or gel form. When mixed with water and heated, it forms a strong adhesive.

What are the main applications of animal glue?

  • Answer: Animal glue is traditionally used in woodworking, bookbinding, the restoration of antiques and artworks, musical instrument repair, and in some specialty packaging and labeling applications.

Why choose animal glue over synthetic adhesives?

  • Answer: Animal glue offers several unique properties, including reversibility (it can be softened and removed with heat and moisture), historical authenticity (important for restoration projects), and a long open time (allows for repositioning before setting). It is also eco-friendly, being biodegradable and made from renewable resources.

How do you prepare and use animal glue?

  • Answer: Animal glue typically comes in granules, flakes, or sheets that are soaked in water and then heated in a double boiler until melted. The glue is applied warm and bonds as it cools and dries. The exact preparation and application methods can vary depending on the specific product and use case.

Can animal glue be used outdoors?

  • Answer: Animal glue is not recommended for outdoor use as it is not waterproof and can degrade with exposure to moisture and temperature fluctuations.

Is animal glue safe to use?

  • Answer: Yes, animal glue is non-toxic and safe to use. However, like with any adhesive, it is advisable to work in a well-ventilated area, and personal protective equipment (PPE) such as gloves and masks may be used as a precaution, especially when heating the glue.

How long does animal glue last once prepared?

  • Answer: Once prepared, animal glue can be kept for a few days if stored in a refrigerator. It tends to spoil if left at room temperature for too long. Unused portions can be reheated, but repeated reheating may degrade its adhesive properties.

Can animal glue bond to non-porous surfaces?

  • Answer: Animal glue adheres best to porous materials like wood and paper. Its effectiveness on non-porous surfaces like metal, glass, or plastic is limited compared to specific adhesives designed for those materials.

How do I remove animal glue?

  • Answer: Animal glue can typically be softened and removed with warm water, steam, or a gentle heat source, making it ideal for applications where future disassembly or restoration might be required.

Is animal glue environmentally friendly?

  • Answer: Yes, animal glue is considered environmentally friendly because it is made from natural, renewable resources and is biodegradable. Its production also allows for the use of by-products from other industries, contributing to waste reduction.

These FAQs provide a basic overview of animal glue, highlighting its unique properties, applications, and considerations for use.